64. It was electrified in 1933. In the Kottayam district, the literacy rate was 97%. Riya June 2, 2020. Top 5 Desi Quora 7-Day Indian. This phenomenon is locally called chakara. [562] In 2006, Kerala attracted 8.5 million tourists, an increase of 23.68% over the previous year, making the state one of the fastest-growing popular destinations in the world. 8 June 2008, Padmalal D, Maya K, Sreebha S & Sreeja R, 2007, Environmental effects of river sand mining: a case from the river catchments of. The state has the highest media exposure in India with newspapers publishing in nine languages, mainly English and Malayalam. [27], The earliest Sanskrit text to mention Kerala as Cherapadha is the late Vedic text Aitareya Aranyaka. [370], The United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) and the World Health Organization designated Kerala the world's first "baby-friendly state" because of its effective promotion of breast-feeding over formulas. The cuisine of Kerala, a state in the south of India, is linked to its history, geography, demography and culture. 60. Another interesting fact is that Cochin Airport in Kerala is the first fully solar-powered airport in the world. The question is about Kerala. E., "Mappila" in "The Encyclopedia of Islam". [531] Broadband Internet services are widely available throughout the state; some of the major ISPs are BSNL, Asianet Satellite Communications, Reliance Communications, Airtel, Vodafone Idea Limited, MTS, RailWire and VSNL. "Documents of Investiture Ceremonies" in K. K. N. Kurup, Edit., "India's Naval Traditions". Cricketers, like Tinu Yohannan, Abey Kuruvilla, Sreesanth, Sanju Samson and Basil Thampi found places in the national cricket team. All district except Malappuram district had fertility rate below 2. Here's an to get fit, healthy and Non-vegetarian For of 14.06.2020 — Keto as the “ Keto quick weight loss. [345] Kerala's rural poverty rate fell from 59% (1973–1974) to 12% (1999–2010); the overall (urban and rural) rate fell 47% between the 1970s and 2000s against the 29% fall in overall poverty rate in India. In the 15th century, the status of Cochin was reduced to a vassal state of Kozhikode. [427][428] In the early decades of the 19th century, the modern educational transformation of Kerala was triggered by the efforts of the Church Mission Society missionaries to promote mass education. At the time of Indian independence movement in the early 20th century, there were two major princely states in Kerala-Travancore State and the Kingdom of Cochin. The Devas pleaded before Lord Vishnu, who took his fifth incarnation as Vamana and pushed Mahabali down to netherworld to placate the Devas. It is one of the country's oldest state-run public bus transport services. After you submit the form, one of our travel experts will get back to you with customised holiday package based on your requirement, within 24 hours. [350] Outbreaks of water-borne diseases such as diarrhoea, dysentery, hepatitis, and typhoid among the more than 50% of people who rely on 3 million water wells is an issue worsened by the lack of sewers. [23] The word Kerala is first recorded as Ketalaputo ('son of Chera[s]') in a 3rd-century-BCE rock inscription left by the Maurya emperor Ashoka (274–237 BCE), one of his edicts pertaining to welfare. Over 16.7 million tourists visited Kerala in 2018 as against 15.76 million the previous year, recording an increase of 5.93 per cent. [204], After independence, the state was managed as a democratic socialist welfare economy. [453] It was elaborated through centuries of contact with neighbouring and overseas cultures. [282] Most of Kerala's west coast is accessible through the NH 66 (previously NH 17 and 47); and the eastern side is accessible through state highways. 88. [330][331][332] Queerala is one of the major LGBT organisation in Kerala. 86. It is a dam with the largest reservoir in the state. Trivandrum Public Library was the first public library in Kerala. [149] The Kuttanad region, also known as The Rice Bowl of Kerala, has the lowest altitude in India. [320] Kerala's population more than doubled between 1951 and 1991 by adding 15.6 million people to reach 29.1 million residents in 1991; the population stood at 33.3 million by 2011. According to the Human Development Report of 1996, Kerala's Gender Development Index was 597; higher than any other state of India. 42. [155] The state experiences several natural hazards like landslides, floods and droughts. The majority of public schools are affiliated with the SCERT Kerala. Kozhikode, formerly known as Calicut, was the place where Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama landed in 1498. [366]:5 Kerala's 13.3% prevalence of low birth weight is higher than that of many first world nations. [516] Popular snacks include banana chips, yam crisps, tapioca chips, Achappam, Unni appam and kuzhalappam. [384] Hindus represent the biggest religious group in all districts except Malappuram, where they are outnumbered by Muslims. The state of Kerala consumes about 20% of the country's gold. vodafone fngbDoS can easily is working perfect (sic) throttling your Operators help you out, we'll feature will prevent them throttling and Dvpn router solution. Kerala became the first state in 2016 to have achieved 100% primary education through its literacy program called Athulyam. The districts which serve as administrative regions for taxation purposes are further subdivided into 27 revenue subdivisions and 77 taluks, which have fiscal and administrative powers over settlements within their borders, including maintenance of local land records. Kanikkonna is the state flower of Kerala. [450][451], The culture of Kerala is composite and cosmopolitan in nature and it is an integral part of Indian culture. The famous Sree Sankaracharya Sanskrit University is located in Ernakulam district of Kerala. George, "Kerala's education system: from inclusion to exclusion", Economic and Political Weekly, 10 October 2009, VOL XLIV, NO 41, page 56, "Thirayattam" (Folklore Text-Malayalam), State Institute of language, Kerala, thirteenth-largest Indian state by population, Corporations, municipalities and taluks of Kerala, 73rd and 74th amendments to the Constitution of India, Kerala Infrastructure Investment Fund Board, Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation, Cochin University of Science and Technology, Kerala school of astronomy and mathematics, Indian Certificate of Secondary Education, "Explore Kerala, the jewel of South India, on this virtual tour", "52nd report of the Commissioner for Linguistic Minorities in India (July 2014 to June 2015)", "Hindi is not an 'official' language in Kerala Assembly", "Census 2011 (Final Data) – Demographic details, Literate Population (Total, Rural & Urban)", "Jackfruit to be Kerala's state fruit; declaration on March 21", "Table 162, Number and Population Below Poverty Line", "Kerala tops sustainable development goals index", Agrarian Relations in Late Medieval Malabar, "Symbols akin to Indus valley culture discovered in Kerala". [534][545] Volleyball is another popular sport and is often played on makeshift courts on sandy beaches along the coast. Trivandrum was the first electrified town in Kerala. Melpathur Narayana Bhattathiri was another religious figure who composed Narayaniyam, a collection of verses in praise of the Hindu God Krishna. The Nilambur Teak Plantation in Kerala is home to the oldest teak trees in the world. As of 2016[update], the LDF is the ruling coalition; Pinarayi Vijayan of the Communist Party of India (Marxist) is the Chief Minister, while Ramesh Chennithala of the UDF is the Leader of Opposition. [224] The Central Coir Research Institute was established there in 1959. [437] According to the 2011 census, Kerala has a 93.91% literacy, compared to the national literacy rate of 74.04%. 11) Kerala has a lot of ‘firsts’ to its name. We welcome you with a cup of tea, Our questions start with, "Did you have a cup of tea?" In some coastal panchayats, median outdoor radiation levels are more than 4 mGy/yr and, in certain locations on the coast, it is as high as 70 mGy/yr. In attempting to solve astronomical problems, the Kerala school independently created a number of important mathematics concepts, including series expansion for trigonometric functions. Phoenicians established trade with Kerala during this period. [168]:26, 46, 52 The mean daily temperature ranges from 19.8 °C to 36.7 °C. [93] Finally, the Kulasekhara dynasty was subjugated in 1102 by the combined attack of Later Pandyas and Later Cholas. Kerala is blessed with the Western Ghats which are home to one of the eight hottest hotspots in the world. [416]Jainism has a considerable following in the Wayanad district. "A Marxist Paradise For Women?" In 2015 Kerala became the first "complete digital state" by implementing e-governance initiatives. Chitra, M.G. [96] Ma Huan (1403 AD), the Chinese sailor part of the Imperial Chinese fleet under Cheng Ho (Zheng He)[97] states the city as a great emporium of trade frequented by merchants from around the world. [18][19] The state topped in the country to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals according to the annual report of NITI Aayog published in 2019. Kerala is named after the vast coconut plantations in the state. Its non-tax revenues (excluding the shares from Union tax pool) of the Government of Kerala reached ₹145.87 billion (US$2.0 billion) in 2020-2021. [167] Some of Kerala's drier lowland regions average only 1,250 mm (49 in); the mountains of the eastern Idukki district receive more than 5,000 mm (197 in) of orographic precipitation: the highest in the state.