Its strategic location on the Euphrates, with waterway access to the Persian Gulf, helped it grow by t… Only a small number of artifacts from the cemetery can be found in the Iraq National Museum in Baghdad, while the rest are in the University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology in Philadelphia. Woolley knew his team was still too green to be trusted with the delicate artifacts they might find in these undisturbed sites. These tombs are said to be royal, because inside the tombs were treasured things from ancient past including; from kings, palaces and the tombs also have burials of kings and the servants of their palaces. However, Woolley also discovered 16 graves that stood out from the rest. During his five years at the Royal Cemetery, Woolley excavated some 2,000 burials, including 16 royal tombs and 137 "private tombs" of the wealthier residents of the Sumerian city. The cemetery was excavated by the British archaeologist Leonard Woolley in the 1920s and 30s, which sadly resulted in many of the precious relics ending up in the British Museum in London, instead of remaining in their homeland. But then, toward the end of the season, they made a spectacular find. Iraq(')s Ancient Past: Rediscovering Ur(')s Royal Cemetery. The artifact was found in one of the largest royal tombs in the Royal Cemetery at Ur, tomb PG 779, associated with Ur-Pabilsag, a king who died around 2550 BC. Lamassu from the citadel of Sargon II. It was found in a royal tomb near the body of a sacrificed man. In the 1920's Sir Leonard Woolley unearthed the remains of 6 men and 68 women, all of the victims of human sacrifice. In 1625, the site was visited by Pietro Della Valle, who recorded the presence of ancient bricks stamped with strange symbols, cemented together with bitumen, as well as inscribed pieces of black marble that appeared to be seals. Progress of the dig. 2020 National Geographic Partners, LLC. Royal Tombs of Ur Leonard Woolley made many exciting discoveries while excavating the 'Royal tombs' at Ur. The complexity of the site, presence of royal figures, and evidence of human sacrifice pointed to a complex political and religious culture, giving rise to a passionate debate about life in that remote era. Furthermore, there is evidence that certain rituals were carried out for the dead. [Online]Available at: http://www.iraqmuseum.org/news/entry/iraqs-ancient-past-rediscovering-urs-royal-cemetery/, Sumerian Shakespeare, 2016. The Royal Tombs of Ur. At Ancient Origins, we believe that one of the most important fields of knowledge we can pursue as human beings is our beginnings. One of the most spectacular discoveries in ancient Mesopotamia (modern day Iraq), the royal tombs at Ur opened the world’s eyes to the full glory of ancie… Newspapers were quick to take up the story of Smith’s work, fueling public interest in the Mesopotamian era. Paleo rock art from around the world ranges in style, method, and age, and includes cave paintings, petroglyphs, pictographs, polished and engraved stones such as effigies, stone sculptures, and portable ceremonial objects. The Law Code Stele of King Hammurabi. [Online]Available at: http://sumerianshakespeare.com/117701/, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, 1999. Ancient Mesopotamia proved that fertile land and the knowledge to cultivate it was a fortuitous recipe for wealth and civilization. This book is excellent and probably of a great deal more interest due to the situation in Iraq. The Akkadian Empire was an ancient empire that existed towards the end of the 3rd millennium BC. 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