Iris is depicted in ancient Greek vase painting as a beautiful young woman with golden wings, a herald's rod ( kerykeion ), and sometimes a water-pitcher ( oinochoe) in her hand. Also, the Greek goddess Iris is associated with both the iris and rainbows. Iris flower meaning is highly associated with heroism, valor, and prowess, which is also adopted in many cultures around the world. Etymological Meaning of the Iris Flower. The rainbow is a symbol for many cultures and peoples; Iris has a counterpart in Zulu mythology, who is known as Mba ba Mw ana Mar esa, and I x C h e l in Mayan tradition. Iris was the messenger of the Olympian gods and personifies the rainbow, therefore being its goddess. She had gold wings attached to her shoulders and winged sandals on her feet. This goddess used rainbows as a bridge to allow her to move between realms. Irises may also express courage and admiration. In some parts of the world, the dark blue or purple iris can denote royalty, whereas the yellow iris can be a symbol of passion. Iris is often pictured with a staff known as a kerykeion (similar to a caduceus) or an oinochoe (water pitcher). In fact, the word iridescence means rainbow. See Article History. In Hesiod’s works, at least, she had the additional duty of carrying water from the River Styx in a ewer whenever the gods had to take a solemn oath. In some texts she is depicted wearing a coat of many colors. Depending on factors such as color and region, irises may bear additional meanings as well. The tyet was used in funerary rites. It is also associated with resurrection and eternal life. Iris always wore splendid dresses with bewitching colors. It was believed that Iris was responsible for replenishing rain clouds from seawater to provide bountiful rainfall. This personification of a rainbow was once described as being a link to the heavens and earth. It is sometimes called the knot of Isis and it stands for her protection. Iris comes in a rainbow of colors. By some accounts, the ancient Greeks believed the rainbow was actually the … Its looped form bears a resemblance to an Ankh. Iris is also the goddess of the sea and sky, since her father was a marine-god, and her mother a cloud-nymph. According to the Greek poet Hesiod, she was the daughter of Thaumas and the ocean nymph Electra. ris symbolizes good news and luck. Mainly covered in purple hue, an iris is the symbol of royalty and it’s full of enchanting stories of gods and legends and myths. She was usually depicted standing beside Zeus or Hera, sometimes serving nectar from her jug. The iris got its name from the Greek goddess of the rainbow, Iris. If her wings were missing in the artistic representations, she was pictured holding a caduceus, which was also a symbol of hers. It is also said the its three upright petals symbolize faith, valor, and wisdom. 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