This connection underlines the need to address systemic flaws and break down barriers to both systems simultaneously. While Indigenous people for 5 percent of the Canadian population, they accounted for 27 percent of Canada’s prison population from 2016-2017. The specific dimensions of this problem warrant detailed examination. 11 One example of a JR project currently underway is the Maranguka Justice Reinvestment Project at Bourke in NSW that, inter alia, is looking to address issues with breaches of bail, outstanding warrants and unlicensed The over‐representation of young indigenous people intensifies at the most punitive end of the system: youth detention (Cunneen, 1997). Report finds Indigenous over-representation in the country’s jails and prisons, likely caused by poverty rates and racism in policing . Indigenous ontology, international law and the application of the Convention to the over-representation of Indigenous children in out of home care in Canada and Australia. An examination of each of these decisions suggests that the way that decisions are made within the justice system discriminates against Aboriginal people at virtually every point. In Manitoba, the problem is even more severe, with over 80 percent of youth incarcerations from the same period being First Nations youth. 2 Reported in this paper are the findings of a project examining the 1990 offender cohorts’ contact with the Queensland juvenile justice system. Indigenous young people were 15 times as likely as non-Indigenous young people to be under supervision on an average day in 2010-11, down from 16 times as likely in 2006-07. Big Sky bosses at ABC have responded after being criticised by the Global Indigenous Council and the Coushatta Tribe of Louisiana over Indigenous representation Similar to other wealthy countries with colonised indigenous populations, Australia's indigenous children, those of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander descent, are seriously over‐represented in the child welfare system. OVER-REPRESENTATION OF INDIGENOUS WOMEN IN AUSTRALIAN PRISONS: A CONSIDERATION OF THE CONTRIBUTING FACTORS INTRODUCTION Since the conclusion of the Royal Commission into Aboriginal Deaths in Custody (RCIADIC) in 1991 there has been a significant rise in the prison population of Indigenous peoples in Australia. HOW DISADVANTAGE AND INEQUALITY IS CONTRIBUTING TO . Closing the gap on Indigenous over-representation has been identified as a priority and promoted through the National Indigenous Law and Justice Framework and Reducing Offending by Māori Project (SCAG 2009; Yeboah 2000). For the past few decades, there has been growing publicity about the over-representation of Indigenous and other minority children in our child welfare systems across Canada. Indigenous women now account for 42 per cent of women in federal custody. The over-representation of Indigenous people in the criminal justice system is a large problem in society and reasons as to why this may be occurring need to be examined (Walker & McDonald, 1995; AIC, 2013). For example, low income, which is one of the inter-generational effects of colonialism, slavery and racism in society, is a major driver of child welfare involvement for Indigenous and Black children. Over-Representation of Indigenous People in the Justice System There exists an undeniable connection between the over-representation of Indigenous children and youth in care and the over-representation of Indigenous people in the justice system. Cindy Blackstock, Muriel Bamblett, Carlina Black - Child Abuse & Neglect. Justice reinvestment is such a response and it is something that I will continue to support in my term as Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Social Justice Commissioner. Finally, I would like to relate another story from Canada. Combatting Over-representation of Indigenous Youth in the Queensland Criminal Justice System through ‘Justice Reinvestment’ goals and which are evidenced based. He also referred to an increase in the over-representation of Indigenous children residing in out-of-home care. The memo said all of its individual investigations had uncovered a “concerning trend” in over-policing of Indigenous Australians. Over-representation. INDIGENOUS OVER-REPRESENTATION. The over-representation of First Nations, Inuit and Métis Nation children in the child welfare system is a humanitarian crisis. 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