[citation needed] One of the most scholarly philosophers and theologians of the time, Arethas of Caesarea was born at Patrae, at around 860. Leave, Flower-Diuretic, Ant-helmintic Skin disease, Aphrodisiac, mental debility, antiseptic, astringent, Seed Kernel-Astringent, Digestive, Carminative, Seed oil-Inflammation, rheumatism, laxative, stomach-ache, tumors & boils, aphrodisiac, Fruit & Bark -Stomachic, Diuretic, Anti diabetic, haemostatic, arthritis, dysentery, vomiting, skin diseases, Root, Bark -Expectorant, Anti diabetic Alterant,  intellect promoting, cold & cough, rheumatism, heart disease, aphrodisiac, Fruit, bark, leaves- Dysentery, aphrodisiac, appetizer, skin diseases. [43], Intracom (Greece's largest multinational provider of telecommunications products) facilities in Patras house the offices of Telecommunications Software Development, Terminal Equipment Design, Development Programmes, and Support Services divisions. As of the 2011 census, the city of Patras has a population of 167,446 and the municipal unit has 170,896 inhabitants; the municipality has 213,984 inhabitants. Patras (Greek: Πάτρα, romanized: Pátra [ˈpatra]; Katharevousa and Ancient Greek: Πάτραι;[a] Latin: Patrae[b]) is Greece's third-largest city and the regional capital of Western Greece, in the northern Peloponnese, 215 km (134 mi) west of Athens. It was European Capital of Culture in 2006.[3]. The Patras Carnival (Patrino Karnavali) is the largest event of its kind in Greece and one of the biggest in Europe, with a heritage reaching back 160 years. Another company that maintains an R&D center in Patras is Dialog Semiconductor, a UK-based manufacturer of semiconductor-based system solutions. The paper sector is also active including a paper factory belonging to Georgia-Pacific (Delica) and two important Greek companies, Elite and El-pack, headquartered in the city. The city is divided into the upper and the lower section, connected with roads and broad stairs. In the Byzantine era Patras continued to be an important port as well as an industrial centre. [citation needed], Some of the largest industries in the city belong to the soft drinks and drinks sector. The cultural and educational facilities include the Municipal Library, the university libraries, many theatres, the municipal art gallery,[33] the University of Patras's facilities, the Hellenic Open University and the Technical Institute of Patras. The city's national stadium, Pampeloponnisiako Stadium, was renovated and expanded in 2004. 1505011103231st sangita das - Free download as PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or read online for free. The regional unit of Achaea has about 4,800 hotels rooms and in 2006, 286,000 tourists, mainly from Greece, stayed in the area for a total of 634,000 days.[35][36]. [61] In 2011, this port went into operation. Patras has a Mediterranean climate. Patras was chosen by the European Commission to be the European Capital of Culture for the year 2006. Flower, Leaves, Root -Astringent, cardiac tonic Blood purifier, gynecological problem, cough, ringworm & ulcers. Podcasts. [citation needed] Major businesses in Patras include: Most Greek banks have their regional headquarters for Western Greece in Patras. Expansion plans have recently been completed. Find patra stock images in HD and millions of other royalty-free stock photos, illustrations and vectors in the Shutterstock collection. The Rio-Antirio Bridge connects Patras' easternmost suburb of Rio to the town of Antirrio, connecting the Peloponnese peninsula with mainland Greece. Bark-Carminative, Expectorant Stimulant, digestive, cough, bleeding, pain, tuberculosis. The Rio-Antirio bridge is north of the city and links Peloponnese to mainland Greece, and was completed in August 2004. The city is one of the main Greek internet and GRNET hubs and is connected with high speed lines to Athens as part of the backbone. Mythology has it that after the Dorian invasion, a group of Achaeans from Laconia led by the eponymous Patreus established a colony. The administration of Patras was given to George Sphrantzes, while Constantine was immediately contested by the Ottoman Empire and later, in 1449, became emperor of the Byzantine empire. It is the largest church in Greece and the third-largest Byzantine-style church in the Balkans, after the Cathedral of Saint Sava in Belgrade and Alexander Nevsky Cathedral in Sofia. [54] The Patras 2006 proposal focuses on two central ideas: "bridges" and "dialogues". The port manages more than half of the foreign sea-passenger transportation in Greece,[60] and has excellent car-ferry links with the Ionian islands and the major Adriatic ports of Italy. The theatre cooperates with other theatrical groups, such as the Viomichaniki (Industrial) group and the Michani Technis (Art Machine). Titan Cement Company operates a large cement factory, with a private port, in Psathopyrgos, a suburb of Patras. Patras is bypassed by the Olympia Odos (A8) motorway, which is also part of the E55 route that crosses the Rio-Antirio Bridge, dominating the sealine across the Gulf of Corinth. There also exists two smaller state hospitals, Karamandanio - a children's hospital, and the Center of Chest Diseases of Southwestern Greece. [48][49] CBL Patras, a global manufacturer of specialty chemicals and active pharmaceutical ingredients, is a startup from a professor of the University of Patras. There is also a sizeable community of Roman Catholics and an Anglican church, part of the Church of England's Diocese in Europe.[59]. The neoclassical Apollo Theatre, a work of Ernst Ziller, is next to the modernist building of the Hall of Literature and Art (Μέγαρο Λόγου και Τέχνης). [2] The core settlement has a history spanning four millennia. The first traces of settlement in Patras date to as early as the third millennium BC, in the area of modern Aroi. Under the Ottomans, it was known as "Baliabadra", from the Greek: Παλαιά Πάτρα ('Old Patras'), as opposed to Νέα Πάτρα ('new Patra'), the town of Ypati in Central Greece. [62], The port is connected by a number of daily routes to the Ionian islands Kerkyra, Kefallonia and Zakynthos, to the port of Igoumenitsa and to the Italian cities Ancona, Bari, Brindisi, Trieste and Venice.[63]. Heavy infrastructure works performed in the 2000s include the Peiros-Parapeiros dam (to provide water supply for Patras and surrounding towns)[29] and a "small industries" park that will be constructed next to the Glaykos river and provide an easy connection with the new port. Though Mehmet granted the city special privileges and tax reductions, it never became a major centre of commerce. In the past regional rail links were provided by the Hellenic Railways Organisation, connecting Patras to Athens and Piraeus as well as to Pyrgos and Kalamata. Arthritis, removes pain  in tumors, Fruit-Pain killer, colic, Leaves-Anti inflammatory, sprain, Leaves, Seeds-Cough, Itching, tooth ache Cough, asthma, skin diseases, tooth ache, gynecological  disorder, general debility, Root- Dasmoola, Tonic, Stomachic, Astringent, Leaves, Flowers - Insect sting,  Carminative, Psoriasis , Skin eruption, Cough  & Cold, Fruit (Dried inflorescence), Rhizome - Stimulant, Carminative Asthma, cough, rheumatism, aphrodisiac, anthelmintic, Root, leaves - Cough, ear-ache, dyspepsia, Leaves, Flower, Root bark- Fever, Malaria, Filaria, Cough ,Cold, rheumatism, skin diseases, diabetes, headache, Leaves- Skin disease,  Acidity, spleen & lever problem, rheumatism, skin diseases,  Cosmetics, Eemmenagogue & abdomen pain, Seed – Urinary diseases, Aphrodisiac, Tonic, heart disease, skin diseases, Seed- Carminative Stimulant, digestive, asthma, cold & cough, haemorrhoid, Fruit-Digestive, Astringent,  stimulant, urinary disorders, menorrhea, Leaves, Roots - Diabetes, cough, indigestion piles, worms, jaundice, emetic, Gum, Leaves, Bark -  Insect repellant Aromatic, Anti-obesity, Rheumatic arthritis, stimulant,  skin diseases, Stem, Root, Bark-Anti pyretic, Debility, Immuno-modulator,  Rheumatism, heart & chest diseases,  urinary & skin diseases, Leprosy, fever, cough & cold, diabetes, Stem , Leaves, seed -Bone setting, digestion, Rhizome- Jaundice, Antiseptic, Blood purifier, Antioxidant, cough, worm, Fruit-Carminative, tonic, Laxative, piles, digestive, uro-genital disorder, lever trouble, arthritis, Leave-Disinfectant Antibacterial Dysentery, Diarrhea, insect sting, swelling, Seeds- Bronchitis, Asthma, rheumatism, blood cancer. 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