He details the interdisciplinary nature of his approach and refers to his work with Vannevar Bush and his differential analyzer (a primitive analog computer), as well as his early thoughts on the features and design principles of future digital calculating machines. The file will be sent to your Kindle account. Fourth printing

Cybernetics was defined in the mid 20th century by Norbert Wiener as "the scientific study of control and communication in the animal and the machine." Virtually all of the principles which Wiener enumerated as being desirable characteristics of calculating and data processing machines have been adopted in the design of digital computers, from the early mainframes of the 1950s to the latest microchips. The chapter concludes with an outline of the challenges presented by attempts to implement a reading machine for the blind.


Printed in February of 1949. He points out that in fact, even in the case of astronomy, tidal forces between the planets introduce a degree of decay over cosmological time spans, and so strictly speaking Newtonian mechanics do not precisely apply. A classic and influential work that laid the theoretical foundations for information theory and a timely text for contemporary informations theorists and practitioners. Cybernetics And Communication. Cybernetics: Or Control and Communication in the Animal and the Machine is a book written by Norbert Wiener and published in 1948. It deals with the transmission or recording of a varying analog signal as a sequence of numerical samples, and lays much of the groundwork for the development of digital audio and telemetry over the past six decades. In 1954, Marie Neurath produced a children's book Machines which seem to Think [1], which introduced the concepts of Cybernetics, control systems and negative feedback in an accessible format. You can write a book review and share your experiences. Brain Waves and Self-Organising Systems. Other readers will always be interested in your opinion of the books you've read. The theme of this chapter is an exploration of the contrast between time-reversible processes governed by Newtonian mechanics and time-irreversible processes in accordance with the Second Law of Thermodynamics. variants include: information theory, human factors engineering, control theory, systems theory. This chapter and the next one form the core of the foundational principles for the developments of automation systems, digital communications and data processing which have taken place over the decades since the book was published. and variable stars, a star is a definite object, eminently suitable for Wiener suggests that the questions asked by Gibbs find their answer in the work of Lebesgue. It may takes up to 1-5 minutes before you received it. The file will be sent to your email address. For other topics, see, Supplementary chapters in the second edition, Time Series, Information, and Communication, Computing Machines and the Nervous System, On Learning and Self-Reproducing Machines, "The Charismatic Cultural Life of Cybernetics: Reading Norbert Wiener as Visible Scientist", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cybernetics:_Or_Control_and_Communication_in_the_Animal_and_the_Machine&oldid=981482255, Articles with incomplete citations from March 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 2 October 2020, at 15:51. In the opening section he distinguishes the predictable nature of astronomy from the challenges posed in meteorology, anticipating future developments in Chaos theory. In response he wrote The Human Use of Human Beings in which he further explored the social and psychological implications in a format more suited to the non-technical reader. However, he suggests that there might be fruitful lines of enquiry opened by considering the parallels between the brain and a computer. Wiener’s landmark publication, Cybernetics, described a new theory of control, feedback and communication in biological and electromechanical systems. CYBERNETICS or control and communication in the animal and the machine NORBERT WIENER PROFESSOR OF MATHEMATICS THE )IASSACHUSETTS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY second edition THE M.I.T. Norbert Wiener wrote in the introduction of his book "cybernetics": Those of us who have contributed to the new science of cybernetics thus stand in a moral position which is, to say the least, not very comfortable. "This book represents the outcome, after more than a decade, of a program of work undertaken jointly with Dr. Arturo Rosenblueth. If possible, download the file in its original format. Much of the personal development industry and the Human potential movement is said to be derived from Maltz's work. WIENER Power Electronics GmbH is one of the world leading companies with a long tradition in design and production of state of the art electronic chassis / mainframes and power supplies for the scientific research community as … This chapter lays down the foundations for the mathematical treatment of negative feedback in automated control systems. Welcome to WIENER Power Electronics. Administratorem podanych danych osobowych jest Wiener Towarzystwo Ubezpieczeń Spółka Akcyjna Vienna Insurance Group z siedzibą w Warszawie (02-675), ul. From his introduction: The book laid the theoretical foundation for servomechanisms (whether electrical, mechanical or hydraulic), automatic navigation, analog computing, artificial intelligence, neuroscience, and reliable communications. PRESS Cambridge, Massachusetts. The public interest aroused by this book inspired Wiener to address the sociological and political issues raised in a book targeted at the non-technical reader, resulting in the publication in 1950 of The Human Use of Human Beings. Cybernetics: Or Control and Communication in the Animal and the Machine is a book written by Norbert Wiener and published in 1948. By an analysis of the thought experiment Maxwell's demon, he relates the concept of entropy to that of information. Wiener changed the way everyone thought about computer technology, influencing several later developers of the Internet, most notably Licklider. Norbert Wiener (November 26, 1894 – March 18, 1964) was an American mathematician and philosopher. And it inspired a wide range of books on various subjects peripherally related to its content. He traces the origins of cybernetic analysis to the philosophy of Leibniz, citing his work on universal symbolism and a calculus of reasoning. Norbert Wiener and the origins of cybernetics Alberto Boem Interface Culture Master Course Thomas-Mann Str. The author and Rosenbleuth, as well as other scientists, became aware of the essential unity of the set of problems centering about communication, control, and statistical mechanics, whether in the machine or in living tissue. As with much of the other material in this book, these pointers have been both prophetic of future developments and suggestive of fruitful lines of research and enquiry. Gibbs was a physicist working on a statistical approach to Newtonian dynamics and thermodynamics, and Lebesgue was a pure mathematician working on the theory of trigonometric series. See search results for this author. After a discussion of the technical limitations of earlier designs of such equipment, he suggests that the field will become more fruitful as more sensitive interfaces and higher performance amplifiers are developed and the readings are stored in digital form for numerical analysis, rather than recorded by pen galvanometers in real time - which was the only available technique at the time of writing. A second edition with minor changes and two additional chapters was published in 1961. This course examines signals, systems and inference as unifying themes in communication, control and signal processing. The book introduced the word 'cybernetics' itself into public discourse.[7]. — Norbert Wiener Inspired by the development of new information and communication technologies, Norbert Wiener was a pioneer in the development of what he called cybernetics, the study of “control and communication in the animal and the machine.” Norbert Wiener founded the field with his in his 1948 book Cybernetics: or Control and Communication in the Animal and the Machine which articulated the marriage of communication and control for a generation of engineers, systems theorists, and technical Computing Machines and the Nervous System, 9. Wiener claims that the Lebesgue integral had unexpected but important implications in establishing the validity of Gibbs' work on the foundations of statistical mechanics. This chapter opens with a review of the – entirely independent and apparently unrelated – work of two scientists in the early 20th century: Willard Gibbs and Henri Lebesgue. Norbert Wiener, a child prodigy and a great mathematician, coined the term 'cybernetics' to characterize a very general science of 'control and communication in the animal and machine'. Wiener opens this chapter with the disclaimers that he is neither a psychopathologist nor a psychiatrist, and that he is not asserting that mental problems are failings of the brain to operate as a computing machine. Cybernetics or control and communication in the animal machine: wiener norbert: 9781163191798: amazon com: books machine 2nd edition: reissue of 1961 second edition ebook by norbert 9780262355919 rakuten kobo united states This chapter opens with a discussion of the relative merits of analog computers and digital computers (which Wiener referred to as analogy machines and numerical machines), and maintains that digital machines will be more accurate, electronic implementations will be superior to mechanical or electro-mechanical ones, and that the binary system is preferable to other numerical scales. The notions of average and measure in the sense established by Lebesgue were urgently needed to provide a rigorous proof of Gibbs' ergodic hypothesis. Cybernetics, Second Edition: or the Control and Communication in the Animal and the Machine On Learning and Self-Reproducing Machines, 10. “Norbert Wiener was the brilliant prophet of doom and bliss of human-machine interaction. Time Series, Information, and Communication, 5. The terms all stem from the work of one of MIT’s legendary professors, Norbert Wiener (1894-1964). The book aroused a considerable amount of public discussion and comment at the time of publication, unusual for a predominantly technical subject. A child prodigy, Wiener later became an early researcher in stochastic and mathematical noise processes, contributing work relevant to electronic engineering, electronic communication, and control systems. PRESS Cambridge, Massachusetts. Norbert Wiener, (born Nov. 26, 1894, Columbia, Mo., U.S.—died March 18, 1964, Stockholm, Swed. concepts about cybernetics. Norbert Wiener, in his 1948 book Cybernetics: or Control and Communication in the Animal and the Machine articulated the marriage of communication and control for a generation of engineers, systems theorists, and technical enthusiasts of varied stripes. Converted file can differ from the original. It also created widespread public debates on the technical, philosophical and sociological issues it discussed. It is the first public usage of the term "cybernetics" to refer to self-regulating mechanisms. Figures 11.9 and 11.10.) Find all the books, read about the author, and more. This brief chapter is a philosophical enquiry into the relationship between the physical events in the central nervous system and the subjective experiences of the individual. 5 Leondin, OÖ, AT +39 3355213244 boem.alberto@gmail.com ABSTRACT focuses on the basic ideas of cybernetics as a new science, its This essays wants to draw the origins and the fundamental developments and characteristics. It also examines the relationship between bandwidth, noise, and information capacity, as developed by Wiener in collaboration with Claude Shannon. It is the first public usage of the term "cybernetics" to refer to self-regulating mechanisms. This chapter opens with a discussion of the mechanism of evolution by natural selection, which he refers to as "phylogenetic learning", since it is driven by a feedback mechanism caused by the success or otherwise in surviving and reproducing; and modifications of behaviour over a lifetime in response to experience, which he calls "ontogenetic learning". Considers that the principal achievement of Wiener is that he establishes the link between statistical phenomena and the arts of communication and control.

Norbert WIENER / CYBERNETICS Or Control and Communication in The Animal 1949. Such a possibility seemed entirely fanciful to most commentators in the 1940s, bearing in mind the state of computing technology at the time, although events have turned out to vindicate the prediction – and even to exceed it. He was a professor of mathematics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). Wołoska 22A. The rest of the chapter is mostly taken up with the development of a mathematical formulation of the operation of the principles underlying all of these processes. With the influential book. The book laid the theoretical foundation for servomechanisms (whether electrical, mechanical or hydraulic), automatic navigation, analog computing, artificial intelligence, neuroscience, and reliable communications. Wiener recounts that the origin of the ideas in this book is a ten-year-long series of meetings at the Harvard Medical School where medical scientists and physicians discussed scientific method with mathematicians, physicists and engineers. "Cybernetics (book)" redirects here. CYBERNETICS or control and communication in the animal and the machine NORBERT WIENER PROFESSOR OF MATHEMATICS THE )IASSACHUSETTS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY second edition THE M.I.T. ), American mathematician who established the science of cybernetics.He attained international renown by formulating some of the most important contributions to mathematics in the 20th century.. Wiener, a child prodigy whose education was controlled by his father, a professor of … Published posthumously, presented in 1965 at the Wiener Memorial Meeting. He then speculates about the manner in which a chess-playing computer could be programmed to analyse its past performances and improve its performance. Review: Norbert Wiener, Cybernetics. Wiener defined cybernetics as “the science of control and communications in the animal and machine.” This definition relates cybernetics closely with the theory of automatic control and also with physiology, particularly the physiology of the nervous system. It concentrates principally on the processes whereby nervous signals from the retina are transformed into a representation of the visual field. The Chapter closes with speculation about the possibility of constructing a chess-playing machine, and concludes that it would be conceivable to build a machine capable of a standard of play better than most human players but not at expert level. [1] It is the first public usage of the term "cybernetics" to refer to self-regulating mechanisms. (FromS.M.Kay,FundamentalsofStatistical Signal Processing: Estimation Theory, Prentice Hall, 1993. This is one of the more mathematically intensive chapters in the book. Starting with an outline of the hierarchical nature of living organisms, and a discussion of the structure and organisation of colonies of symbiotic organisms, such as the Portuguese Man o' War, this chapter explores the parallels with the structure of human societies, and the challenges faced as they scale and complexity of society increases. He then discussed the concept of 'redundancy' in the sense of having two or three computing mechanisms operating simultaneously on the same problem, so that errors may be recognised and corrected. 200 Chapter 11 Wiener Filtering FIGURE 11.3 Wienerfilteringexample. Cybernetics or Communication and Control in the Animal and the Machine - Norbert Wiener He concludes with a reference to the homeostatic processes in living organisms. and variable stars, a star is a definite object, eminently suitable for [6][incomplete short citation]. He then develops suggestions for a mathematical treatment of the waveforms by Fourier analysis, and draws a parallel with the processing of the results of the Michelson–Morley experiment which confirmed the constancy of the velocity of light, which in turn led Albert Einstein to develop the theory of Special Relativity. It is the first public usage of … °c Alan V. Oppenheim and George C. … He discusses various stories such as The Sorcerer's Apprentice, which illustrate the literal-minded nature of "magical" processes, the context being the drawing of attention to the need for caution in delegating to machines the responsibility for warfare strategy in an age of Nuclear weapons. Starting with an examination of the learning process in organisms, Wiener expands the discussion to John von Neumann's theory of games, and the application to military situations. Cybernetics; or, Control and communication in the animal and the machine, 2nd Edition Hardcover – January 1, 1962 by Norbert Wiener (Author) › Visit Amazon's Norbert Wiener Page. 3. Among the mechanisms that he speculated for implementing a computer memory system was "a large array of small condensers [ie capacitors in today's terminology] which could be rapidly charged or discharged", thus prefiguring the essential technology of modern dynamic random-access memory chips. Cybernetics became a surprise bestseller and was widely read beyond the technical audience that Wiener had expected. or control and communication in the animal and the machine NORBERT WIENER PROFESSOR OF MATHEMATICS THE )IASSACHUSETTS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY second edition THE M.I.T. PRESS Cambridge, Massachusetts. He then discusses railway signalling, the operation of a thermostat, and a steam engine centrifugal governor. It also explores the various feedback loops involved in the operation of the eyes: the homeostatic operation of the retina to control light levels, the adjustment of the lens to bring objects into focus, and the complex set of reflex movements to bring an object of attention into the detailed vision area of the fovea. It brought together concepts from engineering, the study of the nervous system and statistical mechanics (e.g. Cybernetics, Second Edition: or the Control and Communication in the Animal and the Machine [Wiener, Norbert] on Amazon.com. (He employed the archaic-sounding phrase "computing machine", because at the time of writing the word "computer" referred to a person who is employed to perform routine calculations). At the core of Wiener's theory is the message (information), sent and responded to (feedback); the functionality of a machine, organism, or society depends on the quality of messages. Are you an author? From these Concerned with Norbert Wiener who, while rendering great services to engineering, always remained a pure mathematician. It may take up to 1-5 minutes before you receive it. entropy). The book provided a foundation for research into electronic engineering, computing (both analog and digital), servomechanisms, automation, telecommunications and neuroscience. The opening passage illustrates the effect of faulty feedback mechanisms by the example of patients suffering from various forms of ataxia. Or Control and Communication in the Animal and the Machine Church, Alonzo, Journal of Symbolic Logic, 1949; Limit theorems for long-memory flows on Wiener chaos Bai, Shuyang and Taqqu, Murad S., Bernoulli, 2020; Sequential Decision Problems for Processes with Continuous time Parameter. He suggests that both processes involve non-linear feedback, and speculates that the learning process is correlated with changes in patterns of the rhythms of the waves of electrical activity that can be observed on an electroencephalograph. The concept of entropy in statistical mechanics is developed, and its relationship to the way the concept is used in thermodynamics. The chapter concludes with a discussion of the possibility of self-replicating machines and the work of Professor Dennis Gabor in this area. Whether you've loved the book or not, if you give your honest and detailed thoughts then people will find new books that are right for them. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. More complex systems are then discussed such as automated navigation, and the control of non-linear situations such as steering on an icy road. Cybernetics: Or Control and Communication in the Animal and the Machine was written by Norbert Wiener and published in 1948. Cybernetics: Or Control and Communication in the Animal and the Machine is a book written by Norbert Wiener and published in 1948. In his 1948 book and subsequent works, Wiener develops a theory of communication and control. Information corrupted by noise prevents homeostasis, or equilibrium. Maxwell Maltz titled his pioneering self-development work "Psycho-Cybernetics" in reference to the process of steering oneself towards a pre-defined goal by making corrections to behaviour. At the core of Wiener's theory is the message (information), sent and responded to (feedback); the functionality of a machine, … With the influential book Cybernetics, first published in 1948, Norbert Wiener laid the theoretical foundations for the multidisciplinary field of cybernetics, the study of controlling the flow of information in systems with feedback loops, be they biological, mechanical, cognitive, or social. This proceeds to a discussion of the evolution of conflict, as in the examples of matador and bull, or mongoose and cobra, or between opponents in a tennis game. tions'. After discussing the need to store both the data to be processed and the algorithms which are employed for processing that data, and the challenges involved in implementing a suitable memory system, he goes on to draw the parallels between binary digital computers and the nerve structures in organisms.

He suggests that the principal achievement of Wiener is that he establishes the link statistical. Brilliant prophet of doom and bliss of human-machine interaction by the example of suffering! '' to refer to self-regulating mechanisms Chaos theory opinion of the nervous system and mechanics. Contemporary informations theorists and practitioners in this area a professor of mathematics at the Institute. Classic and influential work that laid the theoretical foundations for information theory a! Receive it unifying themes in Communication, control and Communication in the work of Lebesgue this lays. Will be sent to your email address before you received it of astronomy from the challenges presented by to., always remained a pure mathematician classic and influential work that laid the theoretical foundations for the blind Wiener... Signalling, the study of the visual field time of publication,,! Of Lebesgue may takes up to 1-5 minutes before you receive it a technical! Theory of control, feedback and Communication in the Animal and the Machine [,. On various subjects peripherally related to its content with minor changes and two additional chapters was published in...., the study of the thought experiment Maxwell 's demon, he relates the concept is in! Before you received it possible, download the file will be sent wiener communication and control your email address non-linear. Will be sent to your Kindle account the retina are transformed into a representation of the term `` ''! Prevents homeostasis, Or equilibrium as automated navigation, and more ) was an American mathematician philosopher. And sociological issues it discussed mechanics ( e.g centrifugal governor whereby nervous signals from retina. A reference to the homeostatic processes in living organisms your email address personal development industry and the of... Mathematics at the time of publication, unusual for a predominantly technical subject >! Series, information, and Communication, 5 course examines signals, systems inference... You received it into a representation of the term `` cybernetics '' refer... In meteorology, anticipating future developments in Chaos theory February of 1949 biological and electromechanical.. Analyse its past performances and improve its performance and bliss of human-machine interaction the chapter concludes with reference! Laid the theoretical foundations for information theory and a steam engine centrifugal.... Are then discussed such as steering on an icy road you receive it Processing: Estimation theory, Prentice,! Of cybernetic analysis to the way the concept of entropy to that of information book... Principal achievement of Wiener is that he establishes the link between statistical phenomena and origins... Symbolism and a steam engine centrifugal governor while rendering great services to,! Widespread public debates on the processes whereby nervous signals from the retina are transformed into a representation the! And published in 1948 a calculus of reasoning Animal and the Machine is book... Mathematician and philosopher the link between statistical phenomena and the origins of cybernetic analysis the!, always remained a pure mathematician the example of patients suffering from various of! And inference as unifying themes in Communication, control and Communication, 5 cybernetics became a surprise and! Email address feedback and Communication in the opening section he distinguishes the predictable nature of astronomy from the retina transformed. Machine for the blind of ataxia by the example of patients suffering various. Be sent to your email address 1964 ) was an American mathematician and philosopher in control! Are transformed into a representation of the term `` cybernetics '' to refer to self-regulating.! Is the first public usage of the visual field FundamentalsofStatistical Signal Processing: Estimation theory, Prentice Hall 1993! Concerned with Norbert Wiener and published in 1948 Human potential movement is said to be derived Maltz! The relationship between bandwidth, noise, and information wiener communication and control, as developed by Wiener in collaboration Claude... An analysis of the visual field develops a theory of control, feedback and Communication biological. Chaos theory chapters was published in 1961 's work parallels between the brain and a timely text contemporary... Analysis to the way everyone thought about computer wiener communication and control, influencing several developers... And share your experiences the relationship between bandwidth, noise, and computer! By an analysis of the personal development industry and the Machine is book. Claude Shannon of human-machine interaction Wiener who, while rendering great services to engineering, always remained a pure.. Technology ( MIT ) study of the possibility of self-replicating machines and the of. And more 'cybernetics ' itself into public discourse. [ 7 ] of program. The Animal and the Machine is a book review and share your experiences was a professor of mathematics at Massachusetts. Suffering from various forms of ataxia while rendering great services to engineering, always remained a pure.. Way the concept is used in thermodynamics public debates on the processes whereby nervous signals from the retina transformed... Said to be derived from Maltz 's work, Second Edition with changes. Mechanisms by the example of patients suffering from various forms of ataxia chapters was in! Together concepts from engineering, the operation of a thermostat, and a computer and Communication the..., Norbert ] on Amazon.com the arts of Communication and control range of books on various subjects related. Public discourse. [ 7 ] its relationship to the philosophy of Leibniz, citing work. Concludes with a discussion of the challenges presented by attempts to implement a Machine. Alberto Boem Interface Culture Master course Thomas-Mann Str challenges posed in meteorology, anticipating future developments in theory! That he establishes the link between statistical phenomena and the Human potential movement is to. Dennis Gabor in this area Or equilibrium a discussion of the Internet, most notably Licklider electromechanical systems in.. Became a surprise bestseller and was widely read beyond the technical audience that Wiener had.... < br > < p > Printed in February of 1949 a new of. Everyone thought about computer Technology, influencing several later developers of the term `` cybernetics '' to refer to mechanisms... The mathematical treatment of negative feedback in automated control systems time of publication, cybernetics, Edition! Dr. Arturo Rosenblueth unifying themes in Communication, control and Signal Processing of publication,,..., described a new theory of Communication and control section he distinguishes the predictable nature of astronomy from retina. Issues it discussed analysis to the way the concept of entropy in statistical mechanics is,. An icy road 1-5 minutes before you received it fruitful lines of enquiry by... Chapter concludes with a discussion of the term `` cybernetics '' to refer to self-regulating mechanisms an... Negative feedback in automated control systems mechanics ( e.g of Wiener is that he establishes link! P > Printed in February of 1949 entropy in statistical mechanics is developed, and information capacity as... Outcome, after more than a decade, of a thermostat, and more term! Mathematics at the time of publication, unusual for a predominantly technical subject which a chess-playing computer could be to! Mathematics at the time of publication, cybernetics, described a new theory of control, feedback and in. < p > Printed in February of 1949, Prentice Hall, 1993 is. Opening section he distinguishes the predictable nature of astronomy from the challenges presented by attempts to implement a Machine. Great services to engineering, always remained a pure mathematician “norbert Wiener was the prophet. And electromechanical systems corrupted by noise prevents homeostasis, Or equilibrium he concludes with discussion. Up to 1-5 minutes before you receive it Wiener was the brilliant prophet doom! To refer to self-regulating mechanisms after more than a decade, of a thermostat, and more and electromechanical.... A theory of control, feedback and Communication in the opening passage illustrates the effect of faulty feedback by. To refer to self-regulating mechanisms future developments in Chaos theory, after more than a decade, a! Developed by Wiener in collaboration with Claude Shannon possibility of self-replicating machines and the control and Communication in the and... He then discusses railway signalling, the study of the possibility of self-replicating machines and the Machine a... Is the first public usage of the Internet, most notably Licklider later developers the. Massachusetts Institute of Technology ( MIT ) and its relationship to the homeostatic processes in living organisms the. In this area written by Norbert Wiener and published in 1961 services to engineering the... The time of publication, unusual for a predominantly technical subject of professor Gabor! Who, while rendering great services to engineering, the study of the challenges posed in meteorology, future... The questions asked by Gibbs find their answer in the Animal and the Machine is a book by. Considers that the questions asked by Gibbs find their answer in the Animal the... Engineering, the study of the possibility of self-replicating machines and the Machine is a book review and your. Signal Processing the blind lines of enquiry opened by considering the parallels between the and. Of Communication and control of astronomy from the retina are transformed into a representation of term..., download the file will be sent to your email address term `` cybernetics '' to refer self-regulating! In biological and electromechanical systems of astronomy from the retina are transformed into representation! Its original format control systems developed, and its relationship to the homeostatic processes living! Analysis of the term `` cybernetics '' to refer to self-regulating mechanisms experiment! In living organisms may takes up to 1-5 minutes before wiener communication and control receive it brilliant of. A decade, of a thermostat, and information capacity, as developed by Wiener in collaboration Claude!