The ACHP focused on their authorizing federal laws, regulations, and recent policy developments in TK. Two Bulls sees land return as a moral issue more than a legal one. Moreover, the leaders at the helm of this special issue all highlight place-based efforts to advance Indigenous environmental justice, rooted in Indigenous knowledge and epistemologies. He saw a great hoop made up of many hoops of a people united. Background: Indigenous American communities face disproportionate health burdens and environmental health risks compared with the average North American population. So the Legislature criminalized pipeline-related protests ahead of the construction of the Keystone XL pipeline. Some good steps have already been taken, from announcements of new funding to agreements on self-determining Indigenous education systems, but a legacy of chronic underfunding of Indigenous education leads to a staggering injustice today: in spring 2018 the Auditor General reported that the real grade 12 graduation rate for Indigenous students is 24 percent compared to the national average of … “As a Northern Cheyenne woman, part of my original instructions is to be in relationship with the land as a steward.”, To Laura Ten Fingers, the idea of ownership doesn’t entirely mesh with Lakota relations with the land. “To me, ‘land back’ means that — it’s not that we own the land,” she said. The Lakota and Dakota people inhabit several of the poorest counties in the United States. They enjoyed a peaceful interrelationship with each other and this contributed to their rich culture which encompassed religion and among other social issues. The rise of automobiles and the tourist industry created new fortunes for the interlopers. There is a friendly government. The Cheyenne River, Rosebud and Oglala Sioux tribal chairmen all wrote letters protesting Trump’s visit, citing public health concerns and the continued indifference toward Lakota treaty rights. Those demands go far back, according to Charmaine White Face, the first Oglala woman spokesperson for the Sioux Nation Treaty Council. on environmental justice. “It’s not just about physical land back,” Tilsen said. It’s not about ownership, she said, but stewardship. Later, the couple helped form the Wounded Knee Defense/Offense Committee for the American Indian Movement (AIM) leadership trials. It must have felt like there were thousands of us, because you could feel that spiritual power from the hills. “The issues contributing to the over-incarceration of Indigenous persons are beyond the capacity of the justice system to resolve. They have become an international symbol of the call to return stolen land to Indigenous people. (Peltier has always maintained his innocence.) Our Indigenous Justice priorities are informed by conversations with Indigenous leaders and community members across the state, with equity in all aspects of life as our top priority. Cows graze in front of the unfinished Crazy Horse Memorial in the Black Hills of South Dakota. Inspired, she and her friends put out the first call to protest Trump’s visit. The meeting was hosted by the U.S. Department of State at the USG United Nations Mission. The activists blocked the road, using three disabled vans to bar the way. Raised in Minneapolis, Minnesota, the birthplace of AIM, Tilsen spent his summers in Pine Ridge, where he was born, immersed in the movement. A group of Trump supporters stood behind the police line, she said, shouting at the crowd “to go back to where you come from.” “It was really heartbreaking to hear them to say, ‘Go back,’” she said. He saw it as a win for free speech and treaty rights, as well as the right to legally protest Keystone XL. This consultation overlapped with the indigenous peoples and public comment period held January through February 2013. Long revered by many Indigenous peoples, the Black Hills are now also at the center of the NDN Collective’s LandBack campaign. Missing statistics and the lack of a comprehensive database of state and federal information specific to missing and murdered Indigenous peoples, however, have proven challenging in communicating to outsiders just how pervasive the problem is. This section needs an excerpt. From a distance,  the green pines and the blue-gray haze that gently hug the valleys of the Black Hills merge into a deep black. Since the inception of the Policy in 2014, EPA has been working to implement its seventeen principles. The Indigenous Environmental Network is an alliance of grassroots Indigenous Peoples whose mission is to protect the sacredness of Mother Earth from contamination and exploitation by strengthening, maintaining, and respecting traditional teachings and natural laws. Tilsen hopes his case and the LandBack campaign will have a similar catalyzing effect, not only for the land-return movement but for the restored dignity of his people. With a primary focus on the mainland United States, books will also include Alaska and Hawaii. It is, after all, deep in his family history. EPA began the development of the Policy in 2011, tasking the EPA Tribal and Indigenous Peoples Environmental Justice Work Group, comprised of EPA staff, with creating a draft policy. The NEJAC provided the following advice and recommendations to help EPA develop an effective Policy: Consultation with tribes, as well as outreach to indigenous stakeholders, was a critical part of the development of the policy. “You have elders saying ‘land back,’ ” he chuckles. “The land owns you. An official website of the United States government. The loss of the Black Hills has come to represent all the injustices Lakota people have suffered. “It’s also about undoing what was done to us as a people.” Also down the road from Tilsen’s home, just outside of Porcupine on the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation, is KILI, “the voice of the Lakota Nation” — the radio station his parents helped jumpstart in the 1990s. Considering Traditional Ecological Knowledge (TEK) During the Cleanup Process. Free speech and protest For many years, EPA’s tribal program and environmental justice programs focused on helping federally recognized tribes develop their own environmental programs. The first set of tribal consultation and public comment periods were held February through April 2012. NDN Collective is on Main Street in Rapid City,” he said. EPA is working to incorporate the seventeen environmental justice principles in the following four areas: focused on the Revised Draft of the Policy, (mojica-hernandez.ruben@epa.gov) 415-972-3268, Policy on Environmental Justice for Working with Federally Recognized Tribes and Indigenous Peoples, EJ Tribal and Indigenous Peoples Advisors, National Environmental Justice Advisory Council (NEJAC), Recommendations for Fostering Environmental Justice for Tribes and Indigenous Peoples, Recommendations for the EPA Policy on Environmental Justice for Tribes and Indigenous Peoples, Eighteenth Session of the Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues, memorandum to provide direction to improve the decision-making process as it relates to site assessment, characterization, and cleanup activities (PDF), National Environmental Justice Advisory Council. 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